According to David Mayhew, author of Congress: The Electoral Connection, Congress has many different capabilities that it functions including: "... legislating, overseeing the executive, expressing community opinion, and servicing constituentsвЂќ (Mayhew 2005, 8). Whilst all these are important to the role Congress plays, the most important ability is the power to create regulations. Congress comes its capacity to perform the functions and to create laws, from Document I with the Constitution. Although Article I may be meistens overlooked, the authority provided to Congress via it is crucial to understanding legislative governmental policies. Without constructions and rules, Congress will be unable to help to make laws, could have little authority and could certainly not function effectively a check towards the other divisions of government.
The structure of Congress includes several parts including: offices, committees, and parties. Our elected representatives consists of 525 offices, such as staff and sizeable incomes. These office buildings work to not only ensure that the Congressmen although in workplace but also to assist in advertising for reelection. Each member of Congress can be granted precisely the same office assets, which are enormous advantage to incumbents (Mayhew 2004, 84-85).
A second framework of Congress is committees. There are twenty-one standing committees in the House and seventeen in the Senate; every committee provides an important function. Ultimately, the committee system helps the members of Congress by simply allowing for a division of labor. Congress at large simply does not have the time or knowledge needed for just about every piece of guidelines, which is why committees are so significant. The small groupings can make things happen more effectively than if perhaps Congress overall had to work with the guidelines. A congressional seniority system exists inside the committees exactly where over time congressmen can surge to more efficient positions good results . increased incumbency and people of Our elected representatives staying on longer there may be less place for people to move up inside the system. One final important component to committees is a ability intended for congressmen for taking credit and feel fulfillment for bills they have labored on and it adds worth to their work (Mayhew 2005, 85-96). This is important once running for reelection as the congressman can promote his participation in a few pieces of laws he labored on.
One third structure of Congress includes parties. Relating to Mayhew, " Precisely what is important to every single congressman, and vitally so , is that this individual be liberal to take positions that provide his advantageвЂќ (Mayhew 2005, 99). Not any member of Congress wants to find out how to vote so parties typically maintain your pressure to a minimum. The party leaders do however suggest members to vote some way, however it is usually ultimately to the congressman to decide how to vote (Mayhew 2005, 97-101). However , some partisan pressure does still continue to be but can be minimal.
All three set ups play an essential role in the manner Congress works. Without the support of the business office, congressmen might have much more difficult time doing their particular jobs and running intended for reelection. Not just that, but the office buildings serve as an equalizer to all or any Congressmen. No matter how much or how very little funding the Congressman offers, they will be presented the same methods. This stops the wealthier candidates by having more opportunities and staff than poorer candidates.
Committees and celebrations also have a superb impact on Congressmen. The ability of members of Congress not to feel pressured to political election along party lines is vitally important. The members happen to be elected to represent the constituency not tow line the get together line. By simply allowing congressmen the ability to have their own positions it allows them more freedom to stand up so that they think their voters want and not be worried to take certain measures including, filibustering damaging legislation. Party's can have some effect on guidelines if the Director and Congress...
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Jacobson, Gary. Politics of Congressional Elections. Longman, 2004 pp 18-37.
Mayhew, David. Congress: The Electoral Connection. New Haven: 2004 pp 8, 84-101.
Mayhew, David. Divided We Govern: Party Control, Lawmaking, and Research,
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Zelizer, Julian. On Capitol Hill: The Struggle to Reform Congress as well as Consequences,
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